The theme narrative for the 2020 National History Day competition is "Breaking Barriers in History."
Many scientists broke barriers in both their personal and professional lives. Were they discriminated against because of their race, religion, a disability, and/or gender? Were they able to overcome all of these odds to brake through in their field to be a respected scientist, discover an element, found a college, create a company, or win a Nobel prize? Was the barrier a deeply held belief that a scientific discovery disproved? Did people doubt or fight against this scientific discovery?
"National History Day is a year-long academic program focused on historical research, interpretation and creative expression for 6th- to 12th-grade students. By participating in NHD, students become writers, filmmakers, web designers, playwrights and artists as they create unique contemporary expressions of history. The experience culminates in a series of contests at the local and affiliate levels and an annual national competition in the nation's capital in June."
The Science History Institute is located in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. We are a museum, library, and center for research focused on the history of science with the core of our collections dealing with the history of chemistry and related topics.
Primary sources are materials that provide a firsthand account or evidence of a subject. Primary sources are generally contemporary (occurring at the same time). They can be documents, letters, manuals, brochures, photographs, objects, oral histories, and contemporary published books and articles.
Secondary sources are materials that analyze and interpret a subject. They can be encyclopedias, histories, and biographies which can be in book, article, or website format.